Back Pain and Pain in the Legs

Sciatica is a disease caused by a damaged sciatic nerve. Typically, the pain can be felt in the lower back and then radiates through the buttocks, the thigh, and the knee. This can often be caused because of a strain of the muscles in the back, a herniated, and even a tumor.

The sciatic nerve is the strongest and thickest nerve in the body. Sciatica is often caused by the entrapment of a nerve in the lower back, specifically in the fourth lumbar and the second sacral vertebra.

Common causes of Sciatic Pain

  • Muscular strain and muscle tension in the lower back and glutes can cause bruising in the muscle
  • Pain may indicate the presence of a herniated disc in the patient, which can lease to further pain and even paralysis and numbness.
  • There may have been arthritic damage between the fourth lumbar and first sacral vertebrae.
  • Pregnancy may cause pain. The added weight and pressure in the lower back, as well as expansion of other organs in the body.
  • Rarely, pain may be cause because of the presence of a tumor in the spinal area, or as a result of rheumatic diseases.

Treatment of Sciatica

Treatment of the pain can come in the form of injections or oral medication. Vitamins B1, B6 and B12 can have a positive effect on the nerves. Magnesium may help relieve the pain from tense and strained muscles.

Massages relax the muscles and stimulate the circulation of blood in the body. Special care needs to be taken by the therapist so as to ensure that they do not make the pain worse by applying pressure in the affected areas incorrectly.

Many people choose to have acupuncture applied to the affected areas of the body. It is believed that the needles help to relieve “jammed” areas of the body, allowing for the pain to cease.

Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine or procaine can be injected into certain areas of the vertebrae, and help to relax the muscles.

Strong sciatic pain should immediately be checked using imaging methods such as X-ray or MRI, so that the root cause of the problem can hopefully be found and treated accordingly.

Posted in Back Pain, Sciatica, Treatment

Remedies for Back Pain

If back pain hinders your everyday performance, immediate treatment should be sought so as to allow you to be able to return to normal. Basic remedies for back pain exist, that can be tried by you at home. Many people have had success with these methods.


The majority of back pain is caused by overworked muscles in the back. The muscles are exhausted, due to some sort of physical labor, such as heavy lifting, and start to get damaged over time. Rest will ensure that the pain goes away, and the muscles are given time to repair themselves and heal properly. Taking it slow is needed if the work undertaken causes serious strain on your muscles constantly.


Regular back pain could also be a sign of weak back muscles. Step should therefore be taken to strengthen them, so as to cope with any physical strains you might endure in your day. Sit-ups, stretches and balance exercises all work to strengthen these muscles. Your main focus should be to focus on your core and upper body.

Workouts that mimic the act of lifting, such as squats, are highly recommended. When done correctly, squats should strengthen the muscles in the legs and lower back, with minimal impact on the spine. This not only strengthens the muscles, but also teaches the correct method of lifting objects, i.e. with the legs.

Ointments, liniments and menthol

Rubbing any kind of menthol on your back will help relax and soothe the muscles, helping them recover faster. Massaging the various ointments in will also help to release any tension in the muscles, helping them get to work on your muscles faster. Menthol patches are also available that can be stuck onto the affected areas, and are great for when you’re out and about and don’t have time to rest at home.


Painkillers, such as anti-inflammatory medicine, can get rid of the pain very quickly, and are great as they work around all the areas of the body. Though, caution must be taken, as some can be harmful when consumed in large quantities.

Posted in Back Exercises, Back Pain, Treatment

Pilates for Back Pain and Stress

The great thing about pilates is that it does not place too much stress on your body, or cause a lot of uncomfortable sweating. All that is needed is a yoga mat and comfortable clothes.

Breathing exercises should always begin and end the Pilates sessions. There is a special way of breathing that should, where inhaling should lift up the ribcage, and when exhaling, the navel near the spine is pulled, which should automatically stretch the stomach. This breathing should take place throughout the whole workout, and as such the stomach muscles, and the core muscles, will be getting an incredible workout.

After the breathing and stretching exercises are completed, the next parts of the body to get a focus are the buttocks and legs. The arms and back come last.

Pilates is great for strengthening the back and other important muscles that help support the spine in its day to day movements. It encourages training the spine to be more flexible and able to endure more twists that may happen in lifting and standing up.

First, sitting up, stretch your legs out so as to form a 90 degree angle with your upper body.  Reach out in both directions, legs and upper body, as far as you can. It is important to keep the back straight at all times throughout the exercise. It is better to begin these exercises with a partner, although if that is not possible, practice near a mirror and keep an eye on your positioning to make sure that you are doing the exercises correctly, so as to not hurt yourself and get the maximum benefit from the exercises.

The next step is to then spread your arms out to the sides, left and right. Do this while inhaling deeply. Then, while exhaling, twist your body all the way to the right, making sure to keep your legs on the floor and your back straight. After a while, inhale again and straighten out again to the front, back to the starting position, and repeat the same motion to the left. Repeat both side five times.

Continuous Pilates over time will teach you to breath better, taking deeper breathes when necessary, which will also help calm you in stressful situations, such as when back pain strikes again. Not only will you have a stronger body, but you will also have a stronger mid, more knowledgeable about handling difficult situations that may present themselves such as back pain.

Posted in Back Exercises, Back Pain, Treatment

Causes of Back Pain

These days, back pain is very common among society. But people try to ignore the pain, and cover it up with pain killers and other medication. They consume pills to temporarily relieve the pain, without looking into the problem further and trying to find the root cause of the problem. If ignored, back pain can lead to major problems later on in life. It should be treated carefully and by professionals if need be.

Muscle imbalance can cause back pain for some people. When the muscles tense, they can often be moved out of position, and as a result cause bad posture for the person, as they are forced to be in an awkward and uncomfortable position. Physiotherapists can help with correcting this problem.

Spinal misalignment, often a result of muscle imbalance, will cause a spine to change from its normal position, to one that may cause it damage. Often the misalignment will create pressure on the discs in the back, which can lead to hernias. Twisting and turning to try and correct this problem can in fact cause further damage to the discs. In order to heal the discs, a chiropractor may be necessary. They may use an inversion table to help heal the back.

As the body get older, the bones and joints start to deteriorate and get weaker. This inevitably reduces the spines ability to effectively support itself, and leads to the degeneration of the bones and discs.

The food you eat plays a vital role in the strength and healing capabilities of your bones. Certain foods contain vitamins that help strengthen the bones in your body and in term help minimize the chances of injury occurring. Foods high in Omega 3, Vitamin D, and antioxidants are recommended.

Emotions and general stress in life also play a vital role in back injury. People going through difficult situations emotionally tend to suffer from back pain quite regularly. Tension in the back muscles cause pain, and in turn weaken it. Psychological health is just as important as physical health.

Never ignore any pain you may feel in your back. Treatment should be sought at the first signs of back problems, and look to solve the root cause of the problem, and not just cover up the pain with medication. Practice a healthy lifestyle, in terms of exercise and diet, and look forward to enjoying a pain free life.

Posted in Back Exercises, Back Pain

Treating Back Pain with Lasers

Most people will suffer from back pain at some point in their life. It can be caused by a number of reason, the most common an injury while lifting or exercising, which can lead to a strain in the muscles, a herniated disc, or a bulging disc. Often the pain is small, and a small inconveniences, but often people will be left virtually paralysed and unable to walk or stand up. In such cases medical help should be sought immediately.

There are numerous ways to treat back pain, including massages, surgery and the use of lasers. Treatment using lasers is becoming more and more popular as a method of treating back pain, especially in situations where the use of surgery would be dangerous. This is often due to the potential for tissue being damaged in the use of surgery.

Laser treatments have been used extensively to treat a variety of other symptoms, such as chronic arthritis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome and fibromyalgia. The use of lasers in the treatment of back injuries has given promising results, and many now consider an effective alternative to invasive surgery procedures.

The laser is controlled and fired with the use of specialized equipment. It is aimed at the areas of the back that are affected, and where the pain is the most severe. The cells are stimulated and as a result will begin to heal themselves and become rejuvenated.

Lasers can be used to break away some of the muscle tissue, usually around 5-10 percent, and this increasing mobility. This can eliminate the need of going into surgery, and removing the affected muscle tissue. Although extreme caution must be taken to ensure that the right amount of muscle is removed, as taking away too much can lead to problem in the stability of the spine.

The duration of treatment, including healing, can often be as little as 4 to 5 days. This is a vast improvement on traditional surgery, which can often take as long as a year to be fully healed. The need for artificial implants into the spine is also often not needed.

Posted in Back Exercises, Back Pain, Treatment